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英国脱欧,在英欧盟公民的权利如何保障

发布时间:2018-07-27 作者:小加 阅读数:151

英国脱欧,在英欧盟公民的权利如何保障 { 欧盟公民及其家属的权利协议 }

英国脱欧,在英欧盟公民的权利如何保障

{  欧盟公民及其家属的权利协议  }

Agreement on rights for EU citizens

and their families

 

于2019年3月29日英国脱欧之前,英国政府已与欧盟就公民权利达成协议。从此日期起持续到2020年12月31日为“执行期”,欧盟公民及其家人居住在英国享有的权利不会改变。欧盟公民将继续能够居住在这里,并像现在一样享受公共资金和服务。


The UK government has reached an agreement with the European Union (EU) on citizens’ rights, ahead of the UK leaving the EU on 29 March 2019. An ‘implementation period’ will run from when we leave the EU to 31 December 2020. The rights of EU citizens and their families living in the UK will not change until 1 January 2021. Until this date, EU citizens will continue to be able to live here and access public funds and services as they do at the moment.

从今年晚些时候起,欧盟公民及其住在英国的家人将能够通过新的欧盟解决方案开始申请英国移民身份。依据该解决方案,在2020年12月31日之前居住在英国的欧盟公民,将可于2021年6月30日之前申请英国身份。

From later this year, EU citizens and their family members living in the UK will be able to start applying for UK immigration status through the new EU Settlement Scheme. People who are living in the UK by 31 December 2020 will have until 30 June 2021 to make an application for status under the scheme.

从2021年7月1日起,欧盟公民及其在英国的家人必须持有或已申请英国移民身份才能合法居住。

From 1 July 2021, EU citizens and their family members in the UK must hold or have applied for UK immigration status to be here legally.

{  定居身份和预定居身份  }

Settled status and pre-settled status

  

欧盟公民及其家庭成员的欧盟解决方案指南在GOV.UK上,该方案的细节仍有待议会批准。依据该方案获得身份意味着您可以继续像现在一样在英国生活和工作,并继续有资格享有:

公共服务,如医疗保健和学校;

公共资金和养老金,按照现在相同的规则;

英国公民身份,如果您满足条件。


该方案将于2019年3月30日完全开放,到2021年前您的权利不会改变,所以不需要方案一开放就去申请。

Aguide to the EU Settlement Scheme for EU citizens and their family members is on GOV.UK. Details of the scheme are still subject to approval by Parliament. Getting status under the scheme means you can continue to live and work in the UK as you can now. It will mean you will continue to be eligible for:

public services, such as healthcare and schools

public funds and pensions, according to the same rules as now

British citizenship, if you meet the requirements


The scheme will open fully by 30 March 2019. Your rights will not change until 2021 so there is no need for you to apply for status as soon as the scheme opens.

通常情况下,获得定居身份通常取决于您是否在英国居住满5年。如果您还未住满5年,将被授予预定居身份,意味着您可以在英国自由生活和工作,并且可以像现在一样获得公共资金和服务,直至住满5年,就可以继续申请定居身份。

In most cases, eligibility for settled status will be based on whether you have lived in the UK for 5 years. If you do not qualify for settled status because you have not lived in the UK for 5 years, you can be granted pre-settled status. Pre-settled status will allow you to stay here for a further 5 years and you will be free to live and work here and will have the same access to public funds and services as you do now. You can go on to apply for settled status once you have lived in the UK for 5 years.


您的申请只能因脱欧协议中涵盖的原因被拒绝。这意味着您提出的有效申请将被授予定居身份或预定居身份,除非:

在2020年12月31日前,不是英国居民(见注1);

因严重的刑事定罪或安全原因或欺诈行为而被拒绝。


居住在英国或海外的现有亲密家庭成员(配偶,民事伴侣,未婚伴侣,受抚养的子女或孙子女,以及父母或祖父母或外祖父母)也有资格参加该方案。您需要代表您的孩子申请。如果在获得定居身份后生了孩子,他们出生在英国将自动成为英国公民,则无需代表他们申请定居身份。

注1:除非是居住在英国的欧盟公民的现有亲密家庭成员,当英国于2020年12月31日脱欧时居住在英国境外。

Your application can only be refused for a reason covered in the Withdrawal Agreement. This means that is you make a valid application you will be granted either settled or pre-settled status, unless:

you weren’t resident in the UK by 31 December 2020 (see note 1).

you’re refused on the grounds of your serious criminal convictions or for security reasons or fraud.


Your existing close family members (a spouse, civil partner, unmarried partner, dependent child or grandchild, and dependent parent or grandparent) living in the UK or overseas are also eligible for the scheme. You’ll need to apply on behalf of your child. If you have a child after getting settled status, they will automatically become a British citizen if they’re born in the UK. You will not need to apply for settled status on their behalf.

Note1: Unless you’re an existing close family member of an EU citizen living in the UK but were living outside the UK when the UK left the EU on 31 December 2020.

{  欧盟法律下的永久居留身份  }

Permanent residence status under EU law


执行期结束时,定居身份将取代当前的永久居留身份。永久居留卡确认您拥有欧盟法律规定的权利。将来,欧盟法律将不再适用,欧盟公民的移民和身份将受英国法律约束。您可以根据欧盟解决方案免费将居留卡更换为定居身份,我们不会重复任何居住评估。

Settled status will replace the current permanent residence status after the implementation period ends. A permanent residence document confirms that you have rights under EU law. In the future, EU law will no longer apply and the migration and status of EU citizens will be subject to UK law. You will be able to exchange this document for settled status free of charge under the EU Settlement Scheme and we won’t repeat any assessment of residence.


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